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Class 12 Compulsory English Unit:3 Sport |Q&A | All Exercise Question Answer Full Solution |E. Nepal


EURO 2020
LONDON, July 12: Italian soccer’s redemption story is complete. England’s painful half-century wait for a major title goes on.
And it just had to be because of a penalty shootout. 
Italy won the European Championship for the second time by beating England 3-2 on penalties on Sunday. The match finished 1-1 after extra time at Wembley Stadium, which was filled mostly with English fans hoping to celebrate the team’s first international trophy since the 1966 World Cup.
“It’s coming to Rome. It’s coming to Rome,” Italy defender Leonardo Bonucci shouted into a TV camera amid the celebrations, mocking the famous lyric “it’s coming home” from the England team’s anthem.
For England, it was utter dejection again — they know the feeling so well when it comes to penalties after Gianluigi Donnarumma, Italy’s imposing goalkeeper, dived to his left and saved the decisive spot kick by 19-year-old Londoner Bukayo Saka, one of the youngest players in England’s squad.
That was England’s third straight failure from the penalty spot in the shootout, with Marcus Rashford and Jadon Sancho players brought on late in extra time seemingly as specialist penalty-takers — also missing.
As Saka and Sancho cried, Donnarumma was mobbed by his teammates as they sprinted toward him from the halfway line at the end of the second penalty shootout in a European Championship final.
Then Italy’s jubilant players headed to the other end of the field and ran as one, diving to the ground in front of the Italian fans who have witnessed a rebirth of their national team.
It was less than four years ago that Italy plunged to the lowest moment of its soccer history by failing to qualify for the World Cup for the first time in six decades. Now, they are the best team in Europe and on a national-record 34-match unbeaten run under Roberto Mancini, their suave coach who has won an international trophy in his first attempt to add to the country’s other European title — in 1968 — and its four World Cups.
Mancini joined his players on the podium as Italy captain Giorgio Chiellini lifted the Henri Delaunay trophy to the backdrop of fireworks and tickertape.
“It was impossible even to just consider this at one stage,” Mancini said, “but the guys were just amazing. I have no words for them.”
For England, it’s the latest heartache in shootouts at major tournaments, after defeats in 1990, 1996, 1998, 2004, 2006 and 2012. They ended that losing streak by beating Colombia on penalties in the round of 16 at the 2018 World Cup, but the pain has quickly returned.
“The boys couldn’t have given more,” England captain Harry Kane said. “Penalties are the worst feeling in the world when you lose. It’s been a fantastic tournament we should be proud, hold our heads up high. It’s going to hurt now; it’s going to hurt for a while.”
England’s first major final in 55 years had all started so well, too, with Luke Shaw scoring the fastest goal in a European Championship final by meeting a cross from opposite wing back Kieran Trippier with a half-volley that went in off the post in the second minute.
It was Shaw’s first goal for England and it prompted a fist-pump between David
Beckham and Tom Cruise in the VIP box amid an explosion of joy around Wembley, which had at least 67,000 fans inside. Maybe more, given dozens of ticketless England fans managed to barge their way past stewards and police and into the stadium in unsettling scenes before kickoff.
That was the only time Italy’s famously robust defense was really opened up in the entire 120 minutes.
Indeed, after Shaw’s goal, England barely saw the ball for the rest of the game.
Italy’s midfielders dominated possession, as widely predicted before the match, and England simply resorted to dropping deep and getting nine or even all 10 outfield players behind the ball. It was reminiscent of the 2018 World Cup semifinals, when England also scored early against Croatia then spent most of the game chasing its opponent’s midfield before losing in extra time.
Italy’s equalizer was merited and Bonucci was the unlikely scorer. He put the ball in from close range after a right-wing corner was flicked on to Marco Verratti, whose stooping header was tipped onto the post by goalkeeper Jordan Pickford.
England managed to hold on for extra time — the way three of the last six European finals went — and actually had the better of the final stages.
Just not the shootout, again.
After the misses of Rashford he stuttered up to the ball and then hit the post and Sancho, whose shot was saved by Donnarumma again down to his left, Jorginho had the chance to win it for Italy.
Incredibly, the midfielder who converted the decisive penalty in a shootout win over Spain in the semifinals also failed to score as Pickford tipped the effort off the post.
It was Donnarumma who then made the crucial saves and within minutes he had also been named player of the tournament, the first goalkeeper to be so honored.
So instead of coming home, the trophy is headed to Rome.
“We’d heard it day in, day out from Wednesday night we heard it would be coming home to London,” Bonucci said. “I’m sorry for them, but the cup will be taking a nice flight, making its way to Rome so Italians all over the world can savor this.”


Before we read

a.              What does UEFA stand for?

= UEFA stands for the Union of European Football Associations

b.             How many teams competed in Euro Cup 2020?

= 55 teams competed in Euro Cup 2020

c.              Which is your favourite team? Why?

= Italy is my favourite team because there are well played player. 

 Working with words

A.            Many English words are from other languages, such as redemption in the news above comes from the Latin word redimere, a combination of re(d)-, meaning “back,” and emere, meaning “buy.”

Now, find out the origin and the meaning of the following words from the text.

 

Penalty

Major

Stadium

Trophy

Defender

Anthem

Dejection

Jubilant

Record

Suave

Podium

Tournament

Reminiscent

Incredible

Savor

 

Penalty= From Middle French pénalité

          = a punishment imposed for breaking a law, rule, or contract

Major= from Latin word "great" and French word "majeur"

         =important, serious, or significant.

Stadium= Derived from Latin word meaning "study", "zeal", "dedication"

             = a center for the study of the Liberal Arts

Trophy= was derived from the French trophée in 1513, Old French trophee, from Latin trophaeum

          = a cup or other decorative object awarded as a prize for a victory or success.

Defender= the Latin word in this sense was "defensor" and Old French "defendeor"

               = One who protects from injury a champion

Anthem=Derived from Greek antiphōnos—a word meaning "responsive" that is a combination of anti-, meaning "over" or "against," and phōnē, "sound" or "voice."

           = a rousing or uplifting song identified with a particular group, body, or cause.

Dejection= the Latin deicere meaning "throw down."

               = a sad and depressed state; low spirits.

Jubilant=Derived from Latin word "jubilare"

              = making a joyful noise

Record=Derived from Latin word "cor" and "re-"

            = a thing constituting a piece of evidence about the past, especially an account kept in writing or some other permanent form.

Suave=Derived from Latin word " suavis" means "agreeable."

         = charming, confident, and elegant (typically used of a man)

Podium=Derived from Greek word "pous and pod" meaning "foot"

            = (of a competitor in a sporting event) finish first, second, or third, so as to appear on a podium to receive an award.

Tournament=Derived from old French torneiement

                    = a series of contests between a number of competitors, competing for an overall prize.

Reminiscent=Derived from Latin word "reminisce" meaning remembering

                    = tending to remind one of something.

Incredible=Derived from Latin word "In-" meaning "not" and "credibills" meaning is "believe."

Savor=Derived from Latin word "sapere" meaning "to taste"


A.            Consult a dictionary and define the following terms related to cricket.

Example:

Wicket: two sets of three sticks standing in the ground with pieces of wood lying

Stump         crease           boundary        sixer             googly              leg-bye wicket           maiden                    pitch             power-play no-ball             Yorker

Stump= each of the three upright pieces of wood which form a wicket

Crease= any of a number of lines marked on the pitch at specified places.

Boundary= a hit crossing the limits of the field, scoring four or six runs.

Sixer= a hit for six runs

Googly= type of deceptive delivery bowled by a right-arm leg-spin bowler.

Leg-bye= a run scored by the batting team if the batsman has not hit the ball with their bat

Wicket= each of the sets of three stumps with two bails across the top at either end of the pitch, defended by a batsman.

Maiden= an over in which no runs are scored.

Pitch= the strip of ground between the two sets of stumps.

Power-play= the fielding restrictions in limited overs cricket.

No-ball= an unlawfully delivered ball, counting one as an extra to the batting side if not otherwise scored from.

Yorker= a ball bowled so that it pitches immediately under the bat.


A.            Pronunciation

Divide the following words into two groups in accordance with their pronunciation /aɪ/ and /eɪ/.

fine, shine, rein, rail, why, sleigh, height, bright, might, snail, break, fake, five, freight, eight, game, claim, friend, sight, white, gait, by, hail, frame

 Comprehension

A.            State whether the following sentences are True or False or Not Given.

a.              England was the champion of 1996 World Cup Football.=True

b.             Italy bagged its first Euro Cup trophy in the Euro Cup 2020.=True

c.              The English team has won more trophies in International Football than Italy.=False

d.             According to the captain of the English team, the pain of losing a match has lasting effects.

e.              The Italian team was playing in their home ground.=False

f.              The goalkeeper of the Italian team had performed the best than any other players in the match.=True

A.            Answer the following questions.

a.            Why does the reporter say that England is waiting to heal its half-century long pain?

Ans:

     The reporter said that England is waiting to heal its half-century pain because England had not won any title after 1966 A.D

 

b.            How did the Italian players react as soon as they became the champions?

Ans:

     The Italian players react defender Leonardo Bonucci shouted into a TV camera amid the celebrations, mocking the famous lyric “it’s coming home” from the England team’s anthem as soon as they became the champions.

 

c.            Why did Saka and Sancho cry?

Ans:

     Saka and Sancho cried because their third straight plenty fails.

d.            Penalty shoot-out has long been a bitter experience for the English team. Why?

Ans:

   Available in description box

     

e.            State the contribution of Roberto Mancini to the Italian football.

Ans:

      It was less than four years ago that Italy plunged to the lowest moment of its soccer history by failing to qualify for the World Cup for the first time in six decades Now, they are the best team in Europe and on a national-record 34-match unbeaten run under Roberto Mancini. Mancini bring great confident in Italian football team and make great effort to win Euro Cup 2020.

 

f.            How does the Euro Cup final 2020 remind the audiences of the 2018 World Cup semifinals? How?

Ans:

     The Euro Cup Final 2020 remind the audiences of the 2018Word Cup Semifinals because England also scored early against Croatia then spent most of the game chasing its opponent’s midfield before losing in extra time.

 


Critical thinking

a.              When a team plays in a home ground, it gets a huge support from the audience in the stadium. Does this support them to win the match or the players may feel pressure to win and thus lose? What do you think?

Ans:

                   I think a team playing in the home ground is getting huge support and confidence from their Fan Follower from the home ground but away teams get huge disadvantages; according to their zone, climate, and fan follower. Many teams have was won Match on home ground. More than 100 teams won the match on the Home ground.

            In team sports, the term home ground – also called home advantages, home field, home-field advantage, home court, and a home-court advantage describes the benefit that the home team is said to gain over the visiting team. This benefit has been attributed to psychological effects supporting fans have on the competitors or referees; to psychological or physiological advantages of playing near home in familiar situations; to the disadvantages away teams suffer from changing time zones or climates, or from the rigors of travel; and in some sports, to specific rules that favor the home team directly or indirectly.

             According to my views, in Euro Cup 2020 England lost the final match against Italy due to the many reasons, they had not won any match after 1966 A.D its means they have less hope from fan home ground.   



 Writing    

A.              The following passage does not have any punctuation marks. Punctuate it with appropriate punctuation marks.
          

Ans:
      A lot of people try to get away from home for a few days each year for a holiday. There are lots of things to choose from and where you go depends on how much money you've got to spend ideas for holidays include relaxing on a beach, exploring cities and skiing. One man wanted to go to Australia but thought he never have enough money to get there he'll go to his brother’s caravan at the seaside instead a young woman wanted to go clubbing in Ibiza as she'd heard it's a lot of fun.

A.             Write a news story based on the given information.



Ans:

              Argentina won their first major title in 28 years on Saturday when an Angel Di Maria goal gave them a 1-0 win over Brazil and a record-equaling 15th Copa America.

    Argentina’s win was a particular triumph for Barcelona striker Lionel Messi, who picked up his first ever title in a blue and white shirt after more than a decade of club and individual honours. Di Maria started for just the second time in the Copa and he justified his selection by scoring the opener midway through the first half.

    Renan Lodi failed to cut out a long ball forward from Rodrigo De Paul and Di Maria lobbed the stranded Ederson with aplomb.

   Brazil piled on the pressure in an exciting second half but even with five strikers on the field they could not get an equaliser against an Argentine defence protected by the outstanding Rodrigo De Paul.

 

B.             We can see many countries competing to host the great international sport events like the World Cup Football. But, there are arguments that hosting an event like World Cup Football can have more problems than benefits. What do you think? Write your arguments in favour or against hosting an international sport event in about 500 words.

Ans:

        A lot of people believe that organizing a global sports event is very useful to the hosting country. Although some may argue that expending money on such events is a waste, I strongly believe that any country will economically benefit from hosting them.

 

        It’s well known that in order to set up an international sports event a large sum of money is required to be spent. Some people find this totally unworthy. That is because they are convinced that these amounts of cash should be spent on developing the country’s infrastructure and improving national public services like education, health and transportation. For instance, major sporting events like the world football cup or the Olympics are only organized in developed countries because they have the funds to do so unlike third world countries who can’t use their already limited resources to host such luxurious events. Instead, their governments will use the money on projects that will benefit the citizens. However, this essay disagrees with that view because any nation will gain from the exposure and tourism resulting from having such mega-sporting incidents.

   In the other hand, some individuals support the idea of hosting these kinds of events simply because the country will be a touristic attraction. Many sports fans will travel from all over the world to attend which consequently will nurture the country’s economy through tourism and entertainment. For example: the London 2012 Olympics drew in thousands of sports lovers which ultimately made the country benefit a lot in terms of employing large number of people and receiving big number of revenues from selling tickets. For these reasons, this essay completely agrees that hosting worldwide sports occasions will be so rewarding. Here you can see some argument in favour and argument in against are mention in below.

          On the one hand, the host countries have to spend a huge deal of money to plan these events. The money is expended in the form of construction of the infrastructure of the country to cater the needs of the athletes or sportspeople. These apart , in order to build arenas and stadiums governments have to invest millions of dollars which can be better spent on other more significant sectors such as healthcare and education which incur prosperity for the host country. In addition to this, the host governments compromise with facility to be provided to its citizens. On many occasion, these nations have to face financial insolvency due to huge expenditures on sports events. Apparently, these arrangements entail a number of concerns.

            On the other hand, these types of events bring a wide array of positives too. The first and foremost advantage of hosting international events is that the host country becomes the centre of attention and this event brings prestige and honour to the country. Secondly, although these events consumes too much money to be organised, the host countries ,in fact, can generate their revenue by opening tourist visas for sports lovers which can engender government income by the means of tourism. These apart, the infrastructure that is improved to cater for sports people would also contributes to that nations prosperity. Therefore, the advantages are immense.

To conclude, it is evident that there are both advantages and disadvantages in hosting sports events. However, the advantages largely outweigh the demerits.

 


 Grammar  

Determiners and quantifiers

A.            Observe the following examples.

a.              People have unethical justifications for all their actions.

b.             Americans throw away around 2.5 million plastic bottles every hour.

c.              Around 2 billion litres of human and industrial wastes are dumped into it

each day.

d.             All of these create the illusion of complete pleasure at our fingertips, with

none of the hassles of pain.

e.              If a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the whole ocean does not become dirty.

The words in bold face in the examples above are called determiners and quantifiers. We use determiners to identify things (the book) and we use quantifiers to say how much or how many (a few drops). The following table shows the determiners and quantifiers in English.

Determiners

Quantifiers

Definite article: the

Indefinite articles: a/an

Possessives: my, your, his, her, our, their, its

Demonstratives: this, that, these, those.

Interrogatives: which, what

any, all, many, much, most, some, a few, a lot of, a little, none and the car- dinal numbers (one, two, three), etc.

Note:

Ø Many is used with plural, countable nouns (e.g. dogs, dollars, tables, children). Much is used with singular, uncountable nouns (e.g. happiness, music, water, time):

 

·         There aren’t many doctors in the hospital today. (doctors are countable)

·         Many Brits choose to retire in Spain. (Brits/British people are countable)

·         There isn’t much light in this room so let’s open the curtains. (light is uncountable)

·         Too much money was spent on the Royal Wedding. (money is uncountable)

 

Ø  Little is used with singular, uncountable nouns and few is used with plural, countable nouns to mean ‘not as much’ or ‘not as many’. For example:

 

·         The play made little sense to me, but I’m glad you enjoyed it. (sense is uncountable) = the play didn’t make much sense.

·         She didn’t want to go, but she had little choice. (choice is uncountable) = she didn’t have much choice.

·         There are few people that I think would be qualified for the job. (people is countable) = there aren’t many people qualified for the job.

·         There are few tourists at this time of year so the beaches are nice and quiet. (tourists is countable) = there aren’t many tourists.

·         A little is used with singular, uncountable nouns and a few is used with plural, countable nouns to mean ‘some’:

·         We have a little time before the play starts so why don’t we get a drink?

·         We have a little space in our car if you want a lift.

·         There are a few good candidates that have applied so I’m sure we’ll find someone for the job.

·         We stayed in Spain a few days before going on to France.

 

B.            Complete the following sentences with much, many, few or little.

a.              He is an introvert. He has got very many friends.

b.             I am busy in preparing my examinations. I have very much time to give

to you.

c.              The entire winter season was dry this year. We had little rain.

d.             Our town has almost been modernized. There are few old buildings left.

e.              You can come today. I haven’t got much to do.

f.              The party was crowded. There were too many people.

g.             How many photographs did you take while you were in Switzerland?

h.             There was little traffic so I came in time.

i.               Can I borrow many books from you?

j.               Mohan can’t be a good teacher. He has much patience.


C.            Put each or every in the following sentences.

a.              The party split into three factions each faction headed by a former

prime minister.

b.             Leap years occur every four years\

c.              Every parent worries about their children.

d.             We had a great time in Singapore. We enjoyed each minute of our time.

e.              I could catch the main idea of his speech but I didn’t understand every of

his words.

f.              In Nepal, every motorcycle rider should wear a helmet.

g.             You must read each of these books for the exam.

D.            Rewrite the following sentences using all of, most of, none of, both of or some of.

a.              Your garden is superb. All of the flowers are beautiful.

b.             Do you know Bharat and Kamal? Of course, I do both of them are my friends.

c.              I bought a box of apples thinking it would be cheaper but I was mistaken some of them were rotten.

d.             When I was in the town, I asked some people for direction but none of them were able to help me. I had to call my friend.

e.              We all were soaked in the rain because none of us had carried an umbrella.

f.              My father is healthy in his seventies but he feels isolated because

Most of his friends are dead now.

g.             All of the tourists are not Chinese some of them are Korean too.

E.            Choose the best word from the brackets to complete the sentences.

a.              Give me the money I owe you. (which/the/a/an)

b.             I want a boat which would take me to the island. (the/an/those/a)

c.              Could you pour me some water, please? (many/few/these/some)

d.             Only a few employees know how important the project was. (a few/a little/little/few)

e.              He was looking for an umbrella. (an/a/those/these)

f.              A large amount of water was evaporated due to excessive heat. (A large number of/ A lot of/ A large amount of/Many)


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